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Arthritis

Key Vocabulary for Arthritis Articles1 and 2: click to hear the words 

Activities to verify and solidify key vocabulary: matching, multiple choice, crossword

Use this dictionary if necessary.

Listen to Article 1 and then answer the questions or listen and read along.

Article 1: Overview of Arthritis

Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks

Listen to Article 2 and then answer the questions or listen and read along.

 Article 2: Arthritis Information for the Patient  

Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks

For self study:
  • verify you understand the key words for the articles.

  • try to answer the following conversation questions, speaking out loud.

- What are some risk factors for arthritis?
- What are some of the main types of arthritis?
- What are some treatment options available to arthritis patients?
  • listen to the audio file for the disease state director and you may advance to the test questions.  Listen as many times as you need to answer the questions.

  • You can read the full articles below.

  • Go back and try answering the above conversation questions again

 

Read Article 1 and then answer the questions.

 

Article 1: Overview of Arthritis

   Arthritis is a general term that refers to over a hundred different types of joint inflammation. This joint inflammation causes swelling, pain and stiffness. If the disease lasts long or occurs repeatedly, it can lead to tissue damage. The typical signs of arthritis are swelling of the joint that is warm to the touch, pain, tenderness, stiffness, redness and loss of function. Arthritis is not always limited to the joints of the body and can affect soft tissues and internal organs.

   In the joint, inflammation causes damage to the cartilage and synovial lining. When the cartilage is warn down, the space in the joint becomes smaller and the bones may rub together. Damage to the synovial lining cause synovial fluid to leak and produce fluid in the joint lining. This adds to the swelling along with the inflammatory response of the body. If the joint lining continues to grow, it can permanently damage the bone. All of this causes pain, swelling and distress for the patient.

   The three most common types of arthritis are:

1. Osteoarthritis. This is the most prevalent. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage of the bone slowly wears away with age and the bones rub together.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA.) In rheumatoid arthritis, the bodyfs immune system begins to attack the joints of the body causing the joint lining to swell.
3. Gout. Gout is a condition where the body cannot effectively remove uric acid and the uric acid crystallizes in the joints like needles. These crystals cause swelling and severe pain.

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Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks

 

Read Article 2 and then answer the questions.

 

Article 2: Arthritis Information for the Patient 


   Arthritis is caused by inflammation inside the joints of the body. Arthritis is very common and affects almost a third of the American population. There are many types of arthritis and in general the causes are still unknown. However, there are some risk factors for arthritis. These may include age, gender, lifestyle factors, and being overweight. With age, the cartilage in the joints wears down causing the most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis. Arthritis also occurs more often in women than men. Work conditions that require heavy lifting and being overweight cause heavy stress on the joints of the body.

   Some common symptoms of arthritis are redness, joint pain, swelling, warmth around the joint, and stiffness. To diagnose arthritis a variety of blood tests and x-rays may be necessary. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis and treatment may vary depending on the type of arthritis the patient has.

   Treatment for arthritis generally involves pain management, exercise and relaxation. The goals of arthritis treatment are to avoid pain and further destruction of the joint. One way is to avoid activities that cause pain. When the joint becomes painful, pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medication should be taken to relieve the pain and swelling. A physical therapist can advise exercise routines that help maintain joint mobility. Lastly, the patient should use braces, splints and supporters to help support the joints especially during strenuous activities.  Surgery to correct the joint damage may also be an option. 

   Treatment will vary with the type of arthritis and the patient.  Factors to take under consideration are age, current medications, overall health and medical history.


Tests for Article 2: multiple choice questions, fill in the blanks


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